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By Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

In the second one quantity of his vintage exploration of the Spanish-Jewish group, Baer covers such significant ancient occasions because the Spanish Inquisition and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. This paintings examines the impression of church coverage at the Jewish inhabitants within the fifteenth century, and the issues at which Jewish tradition as a complete was once altered by means of Spain’s actions.

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In 1357, three years after the Barcelona conference, Pedro IV instructed his physician, Magister Joseph ibn Ardut (brother of Magister Eleazar and successor to his post) to wind up those accounts; and as late as 1368 the heirs of Cresques Solomon had not yet been entirely reimbursed for the sums advanced by their father. The attempt to organize a joint body representing all the Jewish communities of Aragon and forming a common ba­ sis for their defense ended in failure. 33 P EDRO IV OF THE R EORGANIZATION J EWISH C OMMUNITIES AND THE Nevertheless, by the 1360”s, the Jewry of Aragon had be­ gun to free itself from its economic and spiritual debasement and to rise to a high level of culture which, however, was cou­ pled with disquieting signs of social differentiation.

David was the progenitor of two generations of scholars, the last of whom, a friend of Profet Duran, con­ verted to Christianity in 1391. 27 Such, more or less, was the spiritual makeup of educated Jews in all the Mediterranean provinces—southern France, Italy, Catalonia. R. Kalonymos, who was then living in Cata­ lonia, has well described, in his Even Bohan, this circle of cosmopolitans who were not in the least perturbed by the dis­ asters between 1306 (when the Jews were expelled from France) and the early 1320”s, when he wrote his book.

This phe­ nomenon in Jewish life is most astonishing, seeing that the large Jewish communities were small even when judged by the standards of an age of small populations. The dangers threatening from without should have made for greater cohe­ sion and unity within the camp. Pedro IV encouraged demo­ cratic tendencies both within the municipalities and within the aljamas. The best of the royal officials followed his ex­ 33 A History of the Jews in Christian Spain This Library PDF version is for the use on an institutional computer only.

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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2 by Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

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