Read e-book online A Social History of Engineering PDF

By W H G Armytage

ISBN-10: 0262511711

ISBN-13: 9780262511711

A Social historical past of Engineering indicates how social and monetary stipulations in each one age have brought about advances in engineering. There are, briefly, financial, political, and philosophical implications in altering applied sciences. whereas the ebook starts with the Stone Age, the Greeks, and the Romans, the majority of the quantity concentrates at the 19th and 20th centuries. A Social heritage of Engineering displays Professor Armytage's specific topic sector pursuits, particularly nineteenth-century commercial society, radical and socialist pursuits, the historical past association, and the research of upper and technical schooling.

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As late as the nine­ teenth century, blocks and tackle for sailing ships were to engage the attention of engineers like the elder BruneI. Thanks to the ship the north-western nations penetrated the Mediterranean ever more intensively. Perhaps the most dramatic of these penetrations were the Crusades to wrest the Holy Places from the Arabs. These were to have their effect on focal structures of the Christian world: its churches. 42 CHAPTER 5 Anglo-French Civilization, 1100-1399 CASTLE AND CATHEDRAL ne of the possible results of the Crusades was the introduction of the pointed arch to western Christendom.

1278-1308) and Richard Lenginour (fl. 1277-1315) were outstanding and the results of their efforts remain today in castles like Conway, Flint and Rhuddlan no less than in cathedrals like Chester. TOWN PLANNING Both these kings ruled parts of France where they built a number of villes neuves to house those made homeless by war. Cadillac, Monpazier, Villeneuve, Villefranche, La Sauve, Sauveterre: the very names evoke their purpose. Guienne, Gascony and Languedoc were the chief areas. One of Edward I's English bastides, WincheIsea, owed much to Itier of Angouleme, who had done similar service for him in France, and by the end of the century Edward was able to assemble his fleet in its harbour.

The Torre di arte lana was built in 1308 and indicates that the Florentines had probably discovered the technique of producing the sheen, richness and bright colours of the Moslem manufacturers. Certainly Florentine dyers formed a special guild, the ufficiali della tinta, and soon its operations were extended to dyeing imported cloth for re-export. The dye factory was built in 1309 and worked on indigo (imported from Asia) and alum (from both Asia and Castile). The specialization involved led to capitalist organiza­ tion developing more obviously in medieval Florence than anywhere else.

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A Social History of Engineering by W H G Armytage

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