Read e-book online American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and PDF

By Susan L. Cutter

ISBN-10: 0309074436

ISBN-13: 9780309074438

ISBN-10: 030951214X

ISBN-13: 9780309512145

Barrier islands, Flood plains, Earthquake faults: occasionally the surroundings poses threats to our health, but many folks proceed to decide on to reside in dicy or harmful locations. And on best of the knowns are the opposite, extra hidden risks regarding environmental illness that pose both critical threats to our healthiness and health. yet the place are those areas and what kinds of risks are discovered there? "American Hazardscapes" examines the dangers linked to residing and possessing estate in assorted areas around the usa, delivering twin views: that of the geographer and that of the social technology dangers researcher. The booklet summarizes what we already find out about local styles of chance occasions and losses throughout the prior 3 many years and is going extra to make clear the character of the occasions themselves and their impression on society. Written for the moving citizen and the coverage maker alike, "American Hazardscapes" provides a neighborhood ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It additionally bargains recommendations on what neighborhood, nation, and federal managers have to do to satisfy the problem of lowering chance losses within the subsequent century.

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1999). The model also has been utilized in the revision of coastal flood insurance rate maps (FIRMS). Regional SLOSH model coverage includes the entire Gulf and Atlantic coastlines of the United States and parts of Hawaii, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Modeling of SLOSH basins has been extended internationally to include the coastal reaches of the People’s Republic of China and India (NOAA 2000a). Hurricane Strike Forecasting and Wind Fields Both long-range and storm-specific forecasting and modeling efforts exist for hurricanes.

These types of models commonly represent a “worst-case scenario,” or the maximum risk people or a particular place could be exposed to. , 10 percent probability of exceedence in 50 years). Time periods range from 100 to 2,500 years (Algermissen and Perkins 1976, Algermissen et al. 1982). National seismic hazard maps have recently been generated (Frankel et al. 1996) and have been used to develop county-level seismic risk assessments based on the default soil site conditions (Nishenko 1999, FEMA 2000a).

Exposures may not be uniformly distributed in space, nor is the societal capacity to recover quickly the same in all segments of the population. It is the exposure to hazards and the capacity to recover from them that define vulnerability. Thus, vulnerability assessments must incorporate both risk factors and social factors in trying to understand what makes certain places or communities more susceptible to harm from hazards than others. This makes vulnerability assessments more difficult to undertake than simple risk analyses because they require more data (some of which may not be available) and have more complex interactions that need careful consideration.

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American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (Natural Hazards and Disasters) by Susan L. Cutter

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