By Donald E. Pitzer
From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays right here exhibit the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yank social, non secular, and fiscal existence. The individuals learn the ideals and practices of the main well known utopian groups based earlier than 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace project. in accordance with a brand new conceptual framework referred to as developmental communalism, the publication examines those utopian events through the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. every one bankruptcy encompasses a short chronology, giving uncomplicated information regarding the gang mentioned. An appendix offers the main whole record of yank utopian groups ever released. The individuals are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. could, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.
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They removed their hats when praying, donning them again to eat. "14 Some accounts have it that Pieter Sluyter, the leader at Bohemia Manor, was a tyrant, living a comfortable life and even keeping slaves. It is known that when communal property holding was partially abandoned in 1698, Sluyter received a large and advantageous settlement and became a rich man before his death in 1722. By 1727 the community had been disbanded. 15 Some forty scholars from Europe arrived there in 1694, led by the youthful Johannes Kelpius (1673-ca.
Thinking Christ would descend from the skies in 1694 and that they would never die, forty celibate male scholars from Europe calling themselves The Woman in the Wilderness, created an engrossing community near Germantown, Pennsylvania. The Ephrata Cloister of the Seventh Day Baptists, now an inviting historic restoration in Lancaster County, thrived for decades after 1735, known for its calligraphy, manuscript illumination, and choral music. " Known for their music, schools, and painting, extensive Moravian towns can still be seen at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and Old Salem in present-day Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
One example would be tribal Native Americans, either during the early days of European contact or in modern, New Ageinfluenced incarnations. Another omission is additional Germanic groups that began Zoar, Ohio; Bethel, Missouri; and Aurora, Oregon, which possess excellent historic sites but whose inclusion would have overloaded the Germanic component of the book. In other instances important movements and their communal expressions were omitted because the leading scholars found it impossible to contribute an original essay at this time.
America's Communal Utopias by Donald E. Pitzer