Read e-book online An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, PDF

By Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.

ISBN-10: 9027232555

ISBN-13: 9789027232557

ISBN-10: 9027290040

ISBN-13: 9789027290045

This can be the 1st textual content ebook to supply a accomplished method of previous Frisian. half One starts off with a succinct survey of the heritage of the Frisians in the course of the heart a long time, their society and literary tradition. subsequent stick to chapters at the phonology, morphology, note formation and syntax of outdated Frisian. This half is concluded by way of a bankruptcy at the outdated Frisian dialects and one on difficulties concerning the periodization of Frisian and the shut courting among (Old) Frisian and (Old) English. half comprises a reader with a consultant collection of twenty-one texts with explanatory notes and an entire word list. A bibliography and a choose index whole the ebook. Written through an skilled instructor and researcher within the box, An advent to outdated Frisian is an important source for college students and researchers of Frisian, outdated English and different ‘Old’ Germanic languages and cultures, and for medievalists operating during this region. The moment unrevised 2011 reprint of the unique version comprises a number of corrections.

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary

Sample text

This will also explain why amply attested secht ‘illness’ (< *suh-ti) failed to undergo breaking. However, on secht, see also §50, Remark 2. 3. The big exception is ‘unbroken’ sex ‘six’ (Gmc *sehs), perhaps on analogy with sexta ‘sixth’ and sextich ‘sixty’, or perhaps because of two s’s. Less likely, sex is a borrowing from Low German. Note that breaking does occur in OFris *miux ‘dung’ (< Gmc *mehsa-). 4. Does tsiurke ‘church’ show breaking? In all likelihood not (Stiles 1995: 213–14), bec­ause breaking is absent in such words as merk ‘mark’, sterk ‘strong’, werk ‘work’, and serk ‘tombstone’ (< *sark < ML *sarcus < L sarcophagus).

The situation is different for the consonants, which are usually written twice (doubled or ‘geminated’) to indicate length. §24 Axioms and method In much of the remainder of this chapter, attention will be given to the major soundchanges that occurred in the development of West Germanic, by way of Ingvaeonic/ North Sea Germanic,2 to Old Frisian. These changes gave Old Frisian its own, peculiar shape, distinguishing it from the other West Germanic languages. The period in which these changes took place is called Proto-Frisian (PFris).

WGmc *harja-. c. , kining ‘king’ (cf. OE cyning). , skild ‘shield’, stirt ‘tail’, tsirl ‘man’, thinka ‘to think’. e a. , helpa ‘to help’, feld ‘field’. b. , stef ‘staff ’ (fronting, §39). , sella ‘to give’ (cf. Goth saljan) (by way of fronting, §39). , kest ‘choice’ (cf. OE cyst), gelden ‘golden, of gold’ (cf. OE gylden). inf) as opposed to non-R binitha, litha, nima, to witane. ). In a number of instances, esp. , kampa ‘duellist’, falla ‘to fell’, (bi-)kanna ‘to confess’. However, mutated forms – in this case kempa, fella, (bi-)kenna – are equally common.

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An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary by Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.


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