An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, PDF

By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An creation to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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Additional info for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)

Sample text

8. d) Disyllables with long vowel or diphthong in the second syllable; here the long vowel may be replaced by the feminine ending -at (whose addition places these patterns into the category of extended themes): qabar and qabarat, qabir and qabirat, qabur, qibar and qibarat, qubar and qubarat, qubayr, qubur. g. Ar. kabir "great", Reb. a'ir "small", Eth. marir "bitter"; Ar. taruq "timid", Reb. um "strong", Akk. batulu "yo,ung"); qabir, in particular, is used in Syriac as a passive participle (*qabir > qabir, with reduction of the pretonic vowel-of.

Baaa, Syr. biida (the Reb. and Syr. verbs differ in meaning from Arabic), against Ar. baaa'a; Sem. *tami'a "he thirsted" > Reb. ~am~, against Ar. g. Sem. *gawir "guest" > Reb. g~r (but Ar. gar); Sem. *dalawa "he drew" > Reb. dala, Syr. aiila, Ar. dalii, against Eth. g. Sem. *bakaya "he wept" > Reb. Mka, Syr. biika, Ar. bakii, against Eth. g. Sem. *qatalahu "he killed him" > Reb. qiitalo, Eth. qatalo, against Syr. qatleh, Ar. qatalahu. For a detailed treatment of syncope and contraction in Arabic cf.

92. There is a special symbol (~) to denote the absence of a vowel; a vowel of type ~ does not exist in Arabic. 88. In addition to the difference in the actual system of notation there is a phonetic distinction between the Eastern vocalization (which is used in the present treatise) and the Western one. : a > a (cf. 83); 6 >11; 0 >u; e >i (in certain types of words). Examples: ESyr. paraqa "saviour", WSyr. par11qa; ESyr. resa "head", WSyr. riS6. 89. Syriac possesses no symbol to indicate the absence of a vowel or to mark a vowel of type ~, though the existence of such a Murmelvokal (a central vowel whose precise timbre is determined by the nature of surrounding consonants as well as by the effects of vowel harmony) must be assumed in certain positions.

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An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium) by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff


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