Download e-book for kindle: Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 by Singh, Rajendra

By Singh, Rajendra

ISBN-10: 3110208296

ISBN-13: 9783110208290

The main basic type of human cognition and motion, and all human languages have built many units to specific it. those contain verbal different types, akin to annoying and element, but additionally adverbials, debris, and ideas of discourse supplier. This e-book is meant as an educational for the examine of ways time is expressed in ordinary languages. Its chapters take the reader via a couple of foundational matters, comparable to many of the notions of time and a few of the capability to specific it; different chapters are dedicated to extra particular questions, resembling the purchase of time, its modelling in formal semantics and in computational linguistics, or how its expression may be empirically investigated.

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Extra resources for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008

Example text


We can then set the following rule: for F ¼ C-, F 0 ¼ v-; for F ¼ Co/u-, F 0 ¼ o/u-; for F ¼ V-, F 0 ¼ vV-. ’ substitutes the plural ending -iyaˆN to the singular ending -ıˆ: laRkiyaˆN-vaRkiyaˆN. ’, and if required inflect according to the native Hindi system (plural feminin for instance, -ıˆ > -iyaˆn: paˆrTiyaˆn-vaˆrTiyaˆn). The variation is similar for Persian words (shaˆdıˆ-vaˆdıˆ ‘marriage’), Arabic words (qismat-vismat ‘destiny’, talaˆq-valaˆq ‘divorce’) and Sanskrit words (karma-varma ‘fruit of action’).

The notion of ‘mode of presence’ relates to a particular stand of the speaker: tell the world (a given entity of the world) such as he is confronted to it (and not in a descriptive, analytical, way), hence the a‰nities with verbs of perception. What is crucial is not the fact that the adjective refers to singular, nor even that it expresses a colour or a taste, but its relation with the noun. In the singular (15a) as well as in the plural (15b), the property ‘‘blue’’ assumes the attenuative meaning ‘‘bluish’’ with a noun of the category ‘dense’ (mountain crests, water-stream of a mountain river) in a relation adjectivenoun pertaining to the mode of presence.

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Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2008 by Singh, Rajendra

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