Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: by Paul Lettinck

By Paul Lettinck

ISBN-10: 9004109331

ISBN-13: 9789004109339

An account of what students have written at the topics handled in Aristotle's "Meteorology", this paintings investigates how they have been stimulated through each other and via earlier Greek commentators. for every topic a survey is given of the content material of the commentaries in addition to of later treatise.

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Extra resources for Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus)

Example text

This is a whirlwind. When the constitution of the wind emerging from a cloud is rare, it becomes inflamed. This is a thunderbolt. In the version of Ibn al-Bitriq the wind that causes thunder does not emerge from the cloud, but moves about within the cloud. The noise that occurs when it strikes against the moist parts of the cloud is thunder. When it catches fire, we see it as lightning. Lightning may contain earthy parts, therefore it may descend as thunderbolt. Al-Kindi's account resembles that of Ibn al-Bitrlq: wind moves about inside the cloud and shakes it; that is the noise of the thunder.

Air is a mixture of the moist and dry exhalation. To sum up, Aristotle arrives at the following arrangement of matter in the sublunar world: Earth and water are in and around the centre. Two exhalations are dissolved from them by the heat of the sun: a dry exhalation (from the earth) and a moist exhalation (from the water). Both move upwards; the dry exhalation moves further upwards than the moist one. Around the body of earth and water is air, which is a mixture of dry and moist exhalation. This is the region where clouds, rain, etc.

He adds that the extinguishing of inflamed wind inside a cloud may also cause the noise of thunder. Abū 1-Barakāt does not mention the theory of Ibn Sīnā or Aristotle; he says that maybe the old theory is correct that claims that clouds knock against one another and strike fire. Ibn Rusd's Short Commentary follows Aristotle's view of dry exhalation that is ejected from a cloud. The sound that accompanies the ejection is thunder. 9. 26 A halo is formed when mist is located between the light source and the observer; a rainbow arises when a cloud with its waterdrops is located opposite the light source in relation to the position of the observer.

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Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus) by Paul Lettinck


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