New PDF release: Aspect and Meaning in Slavic and Indic

By Ranjit Chatterjee

ISBN-10: 9027235457

ISBN-13: 9789027235459

3 beneficial properties set this e-book except different contemporary courses on point. First, it seems to be heavily on the language kin, Slavic, that has been the most resource of assumptions and knowledge approximately element. moment, it appears upon the item of linguistic research, traditional language, from an attitude shared via thinkers on language whose prominence remains to be outdoors linguistics: Wittgenstein, Bakhtin, and Derrida. 3rd, the exploratory and contrastive account of point in Indic, mainly in Bengali, with a view to without doubt evoke reactions from specialists in those languages.

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This trend of thought has been opposed by Szemerényi, who, in a review article dealing with MacLellan 1962 (El problemo del aspecto ver­ bal), goes along with the author to accept Vaillant's view 'that the earliest opposition in (P)IE was between present and preterite, and therefore aspect arose secondarily' (Szemerényi 1965:169). ). Szemerényi's apparent insistence on 'clear morphological criteria' would seem to put the aspectological clock back to the 1930's. His position, which Friedrich terms 'bizarre,' also contradicts that of Kuryłowicz: 'The Indo-European verbal system was based on the contrast of aspects.

One writer attempted to delineate aspect from Aktionsart as follows: 'Verbal action is a reality given objectively with all its peculiarities. These are very varied. One action can be an activity, another a state; some can develop connec­ tedly, others with interruptions, others again, so to speak, do not develop; some are committed by one subject, others by several; some last a mere second, others centuries; the intensity of some is inconsequential, of others powerful; etc. These objective peculiarities of action it is possible to sum­ marize under the title manner of action {Aktionsart in the narrow sense).

Is that there is an elasticity of mean­ ing in each aspect attributable to the inherent lexical aspectual qualities of verbs modified by their contexts. This means that the content of the so-cal­ led opposition pf. : ipf. can vary from case to case, with grammatical conse­ quences. For instance, one can say in Russian on ugovarival menja, no ne ugovoril, 'he was (trying to) persuade me, but did not,' but not *on videi 30 2.

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Aspect and Meaning in Slavic and Indic by Ranjit Chatterjee


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