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By Richard Wilson

ISBN-10: 8189940317

ISBN-13: 9788189940317

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The lightning in the Northern hemisphere is most common in June, July and August, and in the Southern hemisphere in December, January and February. The summer heat provides the energy for lightning. The annual cycle of observed lightning is measured by the space-based Optical Transient Detector (OTD). Notice the annual migration of lightning from the southern to northern hemispheres, with peaks during the hemispheric summer months. Lightning primarily occurs over land due to the strong differential heating and the resultant thunderstorms.

The ozone layer acts as a shield to absorb the UV rays, and keep them from doing damage at the Earth's surface. A movie of how ozone is made from oxygen Ozone is made up of ordinary oxygen, just like what we breathe. The only difference is that ozone is made up of three oxygen atoms, while the stuff we breathe (molecular oxygen) is made up of only two atoms. Solar rays high in the atmosphere convert O2 to O3. In the upper atmosphere, rays from the Sun break a normal oxygen molecule into two separate oxygen atoms.

The ozone hole is generally located over the South Pole where not very many people or animals live - however, planckton in the polar oceans can be harmed, which are the food stuff for many ocean dwellers. A similar but smaller ozone hole occurs in the Northern hemisphere. Man-made chemicals destroy the ozone The role of CFCs (industrial gasses) on the creation of the ozone hole in the Antarctic is now well known. The consequences of reduced Ozone include an increase in the amount of ultraviolet radiation at the surface of the Earth.

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Atmosphere by Richard Wilson

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