Avodah: an anthology of ancient poetry for Yom Kippur by Michael D. Swartz, Joseph Yahalom PDF

By Michael D. Swartz, Joseph Yahalom

ISBN-10: 0271023570

ISBN-13: 9780271023571

Avodah: old Poems for Yom Kippur is the 1st significant translation of 1 of crucial genres of the misplaced literature of the traditional synagogue. often called the Avodah piyyutim, this liturgical poetry was once composed via the synagogue poets of 5th- to ninth-century Palestine and sung within the synagogues on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. even though it was once suppressed by means of generations of Rabbis, its decorative good looks and deep exploration of sacred tales ensured its attractiveness for hundreds of years. Piyyut literature can train us a lot approximately how historical Jews understood sacrifice, sacred area, and sin. The poems also are a wealthy resource for retrieving myths and logos now not present in the normal Rabbinic assets similar to the Talmuds and Midrash. in addition, those compositions upward push to the extent of excellent literature. they're the goods of serious literary attempt, proceed and expand the culture of biblical parallelism, and show the cultured sensibilities of the Mediterranean in overdue Antiquity. The book's structure is leading edge and applicable for this complicated, allusive style of poetry. The Hebrew and English seem on dealing with pages with the references revealed in a column to the part of the web page. because the old listener could listen the poem chanted within the synagogue and bear in mind the biblical references and legends according to them, the trendy reader will learn the physique of the poem and be capable of seek advice the references with out being distracted via footnotes. The e-book includes an in depth advent that not just describes the Avodah style of piyyut but additionally areas the poetry of the synagogue into the context of the artwork and civilization of the Mediterranean in overdue Antiquity. Avodah: historic Poems for Yom Kippur is the 1st quantity within the Penn kingdom Library of Jewish Literature, overseen through Baruch Halpern and Aminadav Dykman. This sequence will represent a library of fundamental resource fabric for the Jewish and Hebrew literary traditions. The library will current Jewish and Hebrew works from all eras and cultures, supplying either students and basic readers unique, glossy translations of formerly missed texts.

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Extra resources for Avodah: an anthology of ancient poetry for Yom Kippur

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The first line serves as the introduction to the whole poem and so does not use this form. But each of the following lines repeats a basic syntactical pattern. In most cases the parallelism serves synonymously (unique/self-sufficient, conceived/invented), but in the middle stanza Mass, 1977), 107‒17, repr. in Joseph Heinemann, =Iyyune Tefilah, ed. Avigdor Shinan (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1981), 12‒21. 69. Epstein, Mavo6 le-Nusahµ ha-Mishnah, 2:971‒72. 70. On this form in piyyut, see further Yahalom, Piyyut u-Mesi6ut, 152‒53.

2. Seder Rav Amram Gaon, ed. Daniel Goldschmidt (Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook, 1971), § 127, p. 168. 3. See Malachi, Ha-“5Avodah,” 1:12‒14, and Menahem H. ” in Saul Lieberman (1898‒1983), Talmudic Scholar, ed. : Edwin Mellen, 2002), 59‒70. 4. Elbogen, Studien. 5. Malachi, Ha-“5Avodah,” 2:127‒31. , 1974), and Jacob Neusner, The Mishnah: A New Translation (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988), in our translation. 54 avodah [1:1] Seven days before Yom Kippur they would remove the high priest from his house to the Councilors’ Chamber, and prepare another priest in his place in case something happened to disqualify him.

The Avodah, then, manages to exalt the high priest to the post of supreme emissary of Israel while at the same time allowing each congregant to participate in a kind of vicarious sacrifice. t h is vo l u m e The purpose of this volume is to make the major early Avodah piyyutim available to readers of English. At the same time, we hope through our text, notes, and commentary to shed light on some long-standing questions of interpretation and meaning regarding this genre. Each of the translators has done research in a separate sphere in which the Avodah plays a key part.

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Avodah: an anthology of ancient poetry for Yom Kippur by Michael D. Swartz, Joseph Yahalom

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