Download e-book for kindle: Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.)

By Robert J. Clack (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401182124

ISBN-13: 9789401182126

ISBN-10: 9401188742

ISBN-13: 9789401188746

RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY I t is mostly stated that Bertrand Russell performed a necessary position within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo­ sophers almost to equate philosophy with a few sort - or types - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been ­ fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the winning insurrection opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists resembling Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a slightly progressive manner of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, in fact, shut­ ly similar, because the new means of philosophizing can be stated to consti­ tute, largely, the insurrection opposed to Idealism. Be this because it may perhaps, how­ ever, the $64000 truth for current attention is that Russell was once a big impression in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the course it has for that reason taken - towards what could be termed, rather normal­ ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, even though his value as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is famous, definitely the right experience within which Russell himself should be thought of a "philosopher of language" has now not, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. important beginnings were made towards an research of this query, yet they've been, withal, merely start­ nings, and not anything like an sufficient photo of Russell's total philoso­ phy of language is shortly available.

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Sense-data are presentational objects, "things immediately known to me just as they are"; 1 to know them we have but to be aware of them, and being aware of them we know them perfectly. For example, "The particular shade of colour that I am seeing may have many things said about it - I may say that it is brown, that it is rather dark, and so on. But such statements, though they make me know truths about the colour, do not make me know the colour itself, as opposed to knowledge of truths about it.

P. , pp. , p. 174. THE USES OF RECONSTRUCTIONISM parts that are themselves symbols, is complex. It follows from this that the meaning of a description is determinate, for if the meanings of its parts are given, its meaning is given. The meaning of a name, however, is indeterminate, because it means only what it is arbitrarily designated to name. 1 If descriptions do not function as names, there is no special problem connected with those descriptions that do not satisfy the uniqueness condition.

P. 92. " I would agree that in some instances of Russell's use of this method he is engaged in the same kind of analysis that characterizes the other four techniques, but not, I think, in all of them. 42 THE USES OF RECONSTRUCTIONISM It must not be inferred from this, however, that the different instances of reconstructionism were the result of a carefully formulated "program" of analysis. Such was not the case. Rather, each analysis was provided as the problem which it was designed to meet waxed importunate and demanded resolution.

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