By Joshua Holo
Utilizing basic assets, Joshua Holo uncovers the daily workings of the Byzantine-Jewish financial system within the center Byzantine interval. equipped on an online of trade structures either specific to the Jewish neighborhood and built-in in society at huge, this financial system forces a revision of Jewish heritage within the quarter. satirically, the 2 specified fiscal orientations, inward and outward, at the same time complex either the mixing of the Jews into the bigger Byzantine economic climate and their segregation as a self-contained physique monetary. Dr Holo reveals that the Jews regularly leveraged their inner, even particular, structures of legislations and tradition to wreck into - sometimes to dominate - Byzantine markets. In doing so, they problem our notion of Diaspora existence as a stability among the 2 competing impulses of integration and segregation. The good fortune of this company, in addition, qualifies the present declare of Jewish fiscal decline in the course of the advertisement Revolution.
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Additional info for Byzantine Jewry in the Mediterranean Economy
482; G. Dagron, “The Urban Economy, Seventh– Twelfth Centuries,” in EHB, 402; C. Morrisson, “Byzantine Money: Its Production and Circulaton,” EHB, 958–61. M. Angold, The Byzantine Empire, 1025–1204, 2nd edn. (New York, 1997), oﬀers a brief summary of the argument in his introduction. The precise periodization of this rise of Byzantine fortunes is being revised, however, from a number of points of view, even among those who generally accept it or some version of it, such as Dagron, “The Urban Economy,” 396; and from the agricultural point of view, J.
57 In terms of the outwardoriented economy, the redrawing of the borders left far fewer Jews under Roman authority. Thus, the Arab conquest diminished the Jews’ role as 57 E. Rivkin, “The Saadia-David Ben Zakkai Controversy: a Structural Analysis,” in Studies and Essays in Honor of Abraham A. Neuman, ed. M. Ben-Horin et al. (Philadelphia, 1962), 388–423, gives rich insight into ways in which politics, economics and religious geography played themselves out among the greatest institutions of tenth-century Judaism.
Before delving into the details of that economy, chapter 4 outlines the mechanisms of trade that allowed the Jews to exert an economic inﬂuence beyond their small numbers. Putting their social and religious structures to work to maximize eﬃciency, the Jews sometimes enjoyed regional or local dominance in certain sectors of textile production. Moreover, the Jewish involvement in textiles and tanning spanned not only the geographical but also the temporal extent of the empire and beyond. 61 At this juncture, where a small minority might leave its imprint on a given market within a vast imperial economy, the concept of an integrated economy coincides 60 61 McCormick, Origins of the European Economy, 578; regarding the demand side of the economy, see Harvey, Economic Expansion, 163–4.
Byzantine Jewry in the Mediterranean Economy by Joshua Holo