By Hassan A. Karimi
When used jointly successfully, computer-aided layout (CAD) and geospatial info structures (GIS) have an effective music checklist for streamlining choice making and decreasing inefficiencies within the layout, making plans, and execution of severe operations and initiatives. And an increasing number of engineering projects in several fields―including layout, structure, development, and asset management―now require the information of many interrelated but disconnected CAD/GIS instruments and task-specific software program.
A multidisciplinary source delineating current and rising suggestions for CAD/GIS integration matters, CAD and GIS Integration offers a transparent knowing of the cutting-edge during this zone of transforming into value. It brings jointly in-depth descriptions of latest and rising concepts, methodologies, and applied sciences to check techniques that allow facts and operations interoperability among CAD/GIS. beginning with a assessment of primary thoughts and theories, the booklet:
- Addresses modern concerns and demanding situations
- Provides a suite of useful methodologies, thoughts, and applied sciences for integrating CAD and GIS
- Presents balanced insurance of CAD and GIS applied sciences and applications
- Highlights rising tendencies in CAD/GIS integration
- Explores the state of the art within the program of CAD and GIS applied sciences, information, and operations for selection making
From early advancements to present traits and destiny instructions, this concise source lets you wake up to hurry speedy on what it takes to get the main of those dynamic applied sciences. a variety of instance purposes of powerful CAD/GIS integration give you the figuring out had to enhance designs, make larger judgements, and decrease or perhaps get rid of high priced blunders on your subsequent undertaking.
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Additional info for CAD and GIS Integration
Besides, each cell contains an attribute value associated with the cell’s location. Thus, the variation of a continuously varying attribute can be represented by a sequence of cells. The cell size is determined by the varied resolution of the variation of an attribute. Low resolution indicates a large cell size while high resolution indicates fine grain cells. , satellite imagery and aerial photography). 3 Spatial Analysis Due to its wide range of capabilities and unclear definition, spatial analysis (SA) is sometimes referred to as a certain set of techniques or a particular way of processing spatial data since it involves several techniques from different disciplines.
Its evolution began from the development of computer mapping in the early 1970s, where its main advantage was in its capability to efficiently update and redraw digital maps. During the 1980s, spatial database management systems were developed by combining computer mapping capabilities with database management capabilities. In that era, the demand for mapped data increased and several world-leading companies in GIS software were established, such as ESRI. As GIS continued its evolution, spatial statistics and spatial analysis were introduced in the 1990s.
Today, GIS is on everyone’s desktop, as well as mobile devices such as PDAs and cell phones. This, in effect, has increased the size of the GIS community, which includes GIS specialists and general users . The current trend for developing GIS is more on distributed GIS, rather than on desktop GIS because of the advancement of wireless technology and standards of the Internet. Due to the high price of software licensing, software training, and software maintenance, GIS vendors break up their proprietary GIS functions into many interoperable functional components and allow users to choose and assemble many geo-processing components 34 ◾ Piyawan Kasccaemsuppakorn et al.
CAD and GIS Integration by Hassan A. Karimi