Category Archives: Programming Languages

Download e-book for kindle: PROLOG for Natural Language Processing by Annie Gal, Guy Lapalme, Patrick Saint-Dizier, Harold Somers

By Annie Gal, Guy Lapalme, Patrick Saint-Dizier, Harold Somers

ISBN-10: 0471930822

ISBN-13: 9780471930822

Offers an introductory survey of quite a lot of vital themes in typical Language Processing (NLP). it's geared toward the pro or technical AI or desktop technological know-how individual wanting a brief evaluate of NLP.

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Historical Pragmatics: Pragmatic Developments in the History - download pdf or read online

By Andreas H. Jucker (ed.)

ISBN-10: 9027250472

ISBN-13: 9789027250476

Until eventually very lately, pragmatics has been limited to the research of up to date spoken language whereas ancient linguistics has studied old texts and language switch in a decontextualized approach. This has now extensively replaced and students from all over the world are attempting to construct a brand new theoretical framework that integrates contemporary advances either in pragmatics and in old linguistics. the quantity, which incorporates 22 unique articles, starts off with an creation that's either a state of the art account of historic pragmatics and a programmatic assertion of its destiny strength and its assorted subfields. half I includes seven pragmaphilological papers that care for old texts and their interpretations by means of paying shut cognizance to the communicative context of those texts. the second one and 3rd elements contain papers in diachronic pragmatics. the 10 papers of half II take a linguistic shape as their place to begin, e.g. specific lexical goods or syntactic buildings, and learn their pragmatic features at various occasions (diachronic form-to-function mappings), whereas the 4 papers of half III take a specific pragmatic functionality as their start line, e.g. discourse options or politeness, and research their linguistic realisation at varied instances (diachronic function-to-form mappings).

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Andrew D. Gordon's Functional Programming and Input/Output PDF

By Andrew D. Gordon

ISBN-10: 0521070074

ISBN-13: 9780521070072

A typical charm to useful programming is the benefit with which proofs may be given of software houses. a typical sadness with sensible programming is the trouble of expressing input/output (I/O) whereas even as with the ability to confirm courses. the following, the writer exhibits how a conception of practical programming may be easily prolonged to confess either an operational semantics for sensible I/O and verification of courses engaged in I/O. He obtains, for the 1st time, operational semantics for the 3 most generally applied I/O mechanisms for lazy languages, and proves that the 3 are similar in expressive strength. He additionally develops semantics for a kind of monadic I/O and verifies an easy programming instance. those theories of sensible I/O are in line with a wholly operational conception of useful programming, built utilizing Abramsky's "applicative bisimulation." Graduate scholars and researchers will achieve a lot from analyzing this ebook.

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Download e-book for iPad: The Craft of Prolog by Richard O'Keefe

By Richard O'Keefe

ISBN-10: 0262512270

ISBN-13: 9780262512275

Hacking your software isn't any alternative for realizing your challenge. Prolog is various, yet now not that assorted. beauty isn't not obligatory. those are the subjects that unify Richard O'Keefe's very own assertion on how Prolog courses will be written. The emphasis in The Craft of Prolog is on utilizing Prolog successfully. It provides a free number of subject matters that construct on and problematic ideas studying in a primary direction. those can be learn in any order following the 1st bankruptcy, "Basic issues in Prolog," which gives a foundation for the remainder of the fabric within the booklet.

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Introduction to Languages and the Theory of Computation by John Martin PDF

By John Martin

ISBN-10: 0073191469

ISBN-13: 9780073191461

Creation to Languages and the speculation of Computation is helping scholars make the relationship among the perform of computing and an figuring out of the profound principles that defines it. The book's association and the author's skill to give an explanation for complicated themes truly make this advent to the idea of computation a good source for a vast variety of higher point scholars. the writer has realized via a long time of educating that find out how to current theoretical options is to use the precision and readability of mathematical language. In a fashion that's available to scholars nonetheless studying this language, he provides the required mathematical instruments lightly and steadily which supplies dialogue and examples that make the language intelligible.

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New PDF release: Unification Grammars

By Dr Nissim Francez, Dr Shuly Wintner

ISBN-10: 1107014174

ISBN-13: 9781107014176

Grammars of normal languages might be expressed as mathematical items, just like desktop courses. any such formal presentation of grammars allows mathematical reasoning with grammars (and the languages they denote), in addition to computational implementation of grammar processors. This e-book offers probably the most accepted grammatical formalisms, Unification Grammars, which underlies modern linguistic theories reminiscent of Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) and Head-driven word constitution Grammar (HPSG). The e-book presents a powerful and rigorous exposition of the formalism that's either mathematically well-founded and linguistically prompted. whereas the cloth is gifted officially, and lots more and plenty of the textual content is mathematically orientated, a middle bankruptcy of the publication addresses linguistic purposes and the implementation of a number of linguistic insights in unification grammars. Dozens of examples and diverse workouts (many with ideas) illustrate key issues. Graduate scholars and researchers in either laptop technological know-how and linguistics will locate this e-book a beneficial resource"--. learn more... laptop generated contents notice: 1. creation; 2. characteristic constructions; three. Unification; four. Unification grammars; five. Linguistic purposes; 6. Computational points of unification grammars; 7. end

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COBOL Language by The Open Group PDF

By The Open Group

ISBN-10: 187263009X

ISBN-13: 9781872630090

This record presents the X/Open definition of the COBOL Language that's that set of COBOL Language amenities that programmers may still stick to while utilizing COBOL compilers on X/Open-compliant structures. The X/Open definition relies at the ISO 1989:1985 Programming Languages - COBOL normal yet comprises none of the non-compulsory modules of ordinary COBOL.

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Classical Fortran: Programming for Engineering and by Michael Kupferschmid PDF

By Michael Kupferschmid

ISBN-10: 1420059076

ISBN-13: 9781420059076

ISBN-10: 1439894876

ISBN-13: 9781439894873

Classical FORTRAN: Programming for Engineering and medical purposes, moment Edition teaches easy methods to write courses within the Classical dialect of FORTRAN, the unique and nonetheless most generally well-known language for numerical computing. This version keeps the conversational variety of the unique, in addition to its uncomplicated, conscientiously selected subset language and its specialise in floating-point calculations.

New to the second one Edition

  • Additional case learn on dossier I/O
  • More approximately CPU timing on Pentium processors
  • More in regards to the g77 compiler and Linux

With a variety of updates and revisions all through, this moment version maintains to exploit case reports and examples to introduce the language components and layout abilities had to write swish, right, and effective courses for genuine engineering and medical purposes. After studying this publication, scholars will understand what statements to take advantage of and the place in addition to why to prevent the others, supporting them develop into expert FORTRAN programmers.

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The D Programming Language - download pdf or read online

By Andrei Alexandrescu

ISBN-10: 0321635361

ISBN-13: 9780321635365

“To the simplest of my wisdom, D bargains an unprecedentedly adroit integration of numerous robust programming paradigms: principal, object-oriented, sensible, and meta.”
—From the Foreword by means of Walter Bright

“This is a publication by means of a talented writer describing an enticing programming language. I’m yes you’ll locate the learn rewarding.”
—From the Foreword by way of Scott Meyers <p style="margin: 0px;" text-justify="auto" text-align="justify">D is a programming language equipped to aid programmers deal with the demanding situations of recent software program improvement. It does so by means of fostering modules interconnected via distinctive interfaces, a federation of tightly built-in programming paradigms, language-enforced thread isolation, modular style protection, an effective reminiscence version, and more.
<p style="margin: 0px;" text-justify="auto" text-align="justify">The D Programming Language is an authoritative and entire creation to D. Reflecting the author’s signature sort, the writing is informal and conversational, yet by no means on the fee of concentration and pre­cision. It covers all features of the language (such as expressions, statements, kinds, features, contracts, and modules), however it is far greater than an enumeration of features.
<p style="margin: 0px;" text-justify="auto" text-align="justify">Inside the e-book you are going to find
* In-depth reasons, with idiomatic examples, for all language features
* How function teams aid significant programming paradigms
* cause and best-use recommendation for every significant feature
* dialogue of cross-cutting matters, corresponding to errors dealing with, agreement programming, and concurrency
* Tables, figures, and “cheat sheets” that function a convenient speedy reference for daily challenge fixing with D
<p style="margin: 0px;">Written for the operating programmer, The D Programming Language not in simple terms introduces the D language—it provides a compendium of fine practices and idioms to assist either your coding with D and your coding in general.

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