Get Climate and Political Climate : Environmental Disasters in PDF

By Sarah Kate Raphael

ISBN-10: 9004244735

ISBN-13: 9789004244733

This research examines environmental failures within the Levant. the knowledge is drawn from modern resources. the most goal is to figure out the lengthy and momentary repercussions of environmental failures at the nearby affairs throughout the Crusader, Ayyubid and Mamluk classes.

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Extra info for Climate and Political Climate : Environmental Disasters in the Medieval Levant

Example text

When he had found it he had it emptied and walled anew, all at his expense. 21 Since rain is confined to the winter and spring months, and summers are hot and dry, cereals are sown in the early winter. During the months of February to May one can almost watch the crops grow. The timing of the rains is thus of the greatest importance. If the rains come early there is more time to plough and a larger area can be prepared. After the sowing, if the rains are late, or there are long dry intervals between the rains, the seeds will sprout, shrivel and die.

Thackston (New York, 1986), 36. 32 In 1191 Cyprus had come under Crusader rule. Wheat and barley were among the main crops grown on the island, the Mesaoria plain being one of the highest-yielding areas. 34 After the battle of Hattin (1187), the Franks lost to Saladin the highlands of Judea, Samaria, Galilee, the plateaus of Trans-Jordan and the lands of al-Sawād (the black land, a district east of the Sea of Galilee). Although the Franks still rulled the fertile coast, the area could not provide sufficient cereals.

The only source of running water in Jerusalem was the spring of Gihon. 2). In the first year after the death of Baldwin the Leper (1184) it so happened that it rained neither in Jerusalem nor in the territory around, so that there was nothing to drink, or very little. Now in Jerusalem there was a citizen called Germain who was always very ready to do good for the love of God. Because of this dearth of water he had made, in three places in Jerusalem, marble tanks. In each of the three tanks there were two chained bowls, and he had them always kept full of water.

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Climate and Political Climate : Environmental Disasters in the Medieval Levant by Sarah Kate Raphael


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