By Franz-Josef Lübken (auth.), Franz-Josef Lübken (eds.)
CAWSES (Climate and climate of the Sun-Earth procedure) is crucial clinical application of SCOSTEP (Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics). CAWSES has brought on a systematic precedence application in the German learn origin for a interval of 6 years. nearly 30 clinical institutes and one hundred twenty scientists have been occupied with Germany with robust hyperlinks to overseas companions. the concern application specializes in sunlight effect on weather, atmospheric coupling tactics, and area climatology.
This booklet summarizes crucial effects from this software overlaying a few vital learn themes from the solar to weather. sunlight comparable techniques are studied together with the evolution of sunlight radiation with relevance to weather. effects concerning the impression of the sunlight at the terrestrial surroundings from the troposphere to the thermosphere are provided together with stratospheric ozone, mesospheric ice clouds, geomagnetic results, and their relevance to weather. a number of chapters spotlight the significance of coupling mechanisms in the surroundings, protecting delivery mechanisms of photochemically lively species, dynamical tactics reminiscent of gravity waves, tides, and planetary waves, and suggestions mechanisms among the thermal and dynamical constitution of the ambience. particular consciousness is paid to weather signs within the center and top surroundings and their value relative to typical variability.
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Additional resources for Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES): Highlights from a Priority Program
Several chapters cover the role of gravity waves, planetary waves, and tides for the mean state and also for the variability of the atmosphere from the ground to the thermosphere. Ern et al. (Chap. 21) present the first multi-year global data set of gravity wave parameters from satellite observations complemented by long-term local measurements by radars. In the lower stratosphere, GW induced temperature fluctuations are largest in the high latitude winter season, and in the sub-tropics of the summer hemisphere (Fig.
This topic was also covered in the HEPPA model comparison initiative. In summary, the transport of photochemically active gases from the thermosphere to the stratosphere is an important coupling process in the atmosphere which, amongst others, depends on dynamical coupling. Baumgärtner et al. (Chap. 17) applied a whole-atmosphere model (MESSy), including various extensions, to study in detail particle precipitation effects in the entire atmosphere. ), both in observations (ERA-40) and in the model.
2 sketches out essentials of the SATIRE model. 3 describes our efforts in modelling solar total and spectral irradiance over the satellite era, whereas Sects. 5 deal with reconstructions of solar irradiance for the telescope and pretelescopic eras, respectively. 6 summarises the results. , 2011b]. SATIRE is based on the assumption that all irradiance variation on time scales longer than a day is entirely due to the changes in the number and distribution of magnetic features (such as sunspots or faculae) on the solar surface.
Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES): Highlights from a Priority Program by Franz-Josef Lübken (auth.), Franz-Josef Lübken (eds.)