New PDF release: Climate Change and Africa

By Pak Sum Low

ISBN-10: 0511115547

ISBN-13: 9780511115547

ISBN-10: 0521836344

ISBN-13: 9780521836340

At the start of the twenty-first century, no environmental factor is of such really worldwide significance because the factor of weather swap. The poorer, constructing international locations are the least built to evolve to the capability results of weather switch, even supposing so much of them have performed a mere function in inflicting it. African nations are among the poorest of the constructing international locations. This e-book provides the problems of so much relevance to Africa, akin to earlier and current weather, desertification, biomass burning and its implications for atmospheric chemistry and weather, strength iteration, sea-level upward thrust, ENSO-induced drought and flood, variation, catastrophe hazard aid, the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol (especially the fresh improvement Mechanism), capacity-building, and sustainable improvement. It offers a finished and updated evaluation of those and lots of different matters, with chapters by way of the major specialists from quite a number disciplines. weather swap and Africa will end up to be a useful reference for all researchers and coverage makers with an curiosity in weather switch and Africa.

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Additional info for Climate Change and Africa

Example text

Fluctuations in African lake levels and river discharges in the twentieth century (from Grove, 1996). , 1989; Grove, 1996). The excessive rainy season of 1961–2 over East Africa, causing a discontinuous rise of Lake Victoria and the discharge of the White Nile lasting nearly 20 years, coincided with a large anomaly of SST, surface winds and 10 Hausberg Tarn, Mount Kenya 30 32 18 δ O Si δ O Si 28 18 core 1996, 34 36 6 4 * * 2 *Indicate low organic content inferred to be a result of rapid slope processes 6000 5000 * 4000 Organic content (%) convective cloudiness at the western equatorial Indian Ocean (Flohn, 1987).

Today, our understanding of the rains is scientific and extensive, yet the continent suffers more and more from the vagaries of the climate. Drought in particular affects millions of people each year – people who are often already suffering from poverty and disease and who are least able to resist or cope with the added stress of food and water shortages. And on the horizon there is the looming threat that climate change may make matters even worse. For many, there seems no escape from the repeated impacts of climatic hazards.

Ehhalt The African continent extends from about 35◦ N to about 35◦ S latitude straddling the equator. This particular geography determines its climate regimes – mostly tropical and subtropical with extensive arid and semiarid zones around 20◦ N and 20◦ S. In some parts of the continent the regional climate, in particular annual rainfall, is highly variable. Many countries are prone to recurrent droughts, others to flooding. As a consequence Africa is highly vulnerable to additional climate stresses.

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Climate Change and Africa by Pak Sum Low


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