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By Alain Kihm

ISBN-10: 9027252351

ISBN-13: 9789027252357

A part of a chain which offers descriptive and theoretical stories of pidgin and creole languages, this quantity specializes in the background and syntax of Kriyol.

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A part of a sequence which provides descriptive and theoretical stories of pidgin and creole languages, this quantity specializes in the background and syntax of Kriyol.

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Extra resources for Kriyol Syntax: The Portuguese-based Creole Language of Guinea-bissau (Creole Language Library)

Sample text

G. baka 'cow' from vaca). We may see here a change internal to the creolization process, considering that all the languages in the substratum lack /v/; we may also take into account the fact that the /v/-/b/ merger is a well-known feature of Portuguese northern dialects, which was certainly present in Lisbon at the relevant period (see above). In fact, both causalities probably converged. The absence of /v/ in the substratum suffices to explain why it could not survive into 18 KRIYOL SYNTAX Kriyol; what it does not explain, however, is why /v/ changed to /b/ rather than to something else, for instance /w/ as in Wolof welo 'bike' from French vélo.

12) Omi garandi ciga di konta nu kil story a. ' (13) E kaba di sedu rey. ' (14) Lebri ba toma si vyola i pega toka. ' (15) Alunu nega tarbaja. ' (16) Zeka ta osa kurinti karu. ' THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 27 (17) N tarda misti skola. ' All these verbs have as a common characteristic that they select non finite VPs whose logical subjects are denotationally identical to their own subjects. e. functions from VPs to VPs (see Gazdar et al. 1985). ) The feature [AGR NP] indicates that the daughter VP agrees with the subject of the mother.

Note, however, that no unification is feasible between VP with feature values [ ] and NP[+PRD] with the opposite values for the same features (for unification, see Gazdar et al. 1985; Shieber 1987). VP and NP[+PRD] are thus in effect distinct categories. NP[+PRD] and AP[+PRD], on the other hand, can be partially unified, provided the feature value for V remains undefined; and the same for AP[+PRD] and VP provided the feature value for N remains undefined. The 'intermediate' categoricity of adjectives is thereby highlighted.

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Kriyol Syntax: The Portuguese-based Creole Language of Guinea-bissau (Creole Language Library) by Alain Kihm


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