Download e-book for kindle: The Making of Western Jewry, 1600–1819 by Lionel Kochan (auth.)

By Lionel Kochan (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230507018

ISBN-13: 9780230507012

ISBN-10: 0230800025

ISBN-13: 9780230800021

In a vast sweep from imperative Europe to eire and from the 16th to the early Nineteenth-century, this paintings places the Jewish group and its rabbinic and 'lay' leaders on the centre of Jewish background. Of surpassing price is Kochan's remedy of the neighborhood not just as a non secular but additionally as a political unit.

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The conversos from Portugal, towards the end of the sixteenth century and beginning of the seventeenth, followed in the wake of the new to the blossoming or burgeoning commercial centres of Livorno, Amsterdam and Hamburg, and later of Bordeaux and London. 2 Within these societies germinated and were debated some of the most contentious and radical ideas agitating recent Jewry. They are the Jews whose life, Schwarzfuchs writes, ‘was dominated by this constant call of the sea’. 3 They created a new framework for Jewish practice; whether because of their troubled background or because of the economic emphasis on overseas trade and shipping is not clear.

The peddlers also bought village products; in the later seventeenth century this interchange evolved into the Verlag system whereby the Verleger supplied to the village weavers raw wool – the principal product of the duchy – for conversion into the finished garment, normally uniforms for the military. The predominance of Jews in this trade later brought restriction on their activity, instigated by the clothmakers’ guild in Stargard and elsewhere. 43 Further south, at Breslau, on at least two occasions, the emperor intervened on behalf of the Jewish traders at the fair.

The rich man sees himself as generous and open-handed. To the poor man he is a tightfisted money-grubber who will even shut his door in the poor man’s face. 120 persons). By 1637 there were 85 families, comprising 349 individuals. 50 Vienna would seem to have thrived most, from and during the years of war. In this period of ‘the second ghetto’ – 1625–70 – Vienna prospered in terms of scholarly repute and numbers. The Jews, not without stress and friction, established themselves amid a bitterly hostile population, a church fired with the anti-Jewish animus of the Counter-Reformation and the unreliable policy of the Habsburg rulers.

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The Making of Western Jewry, 1600–1819 by Lionel Kochan (auth.)

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